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Khatama Allahu AAala quloobihimwaAAala samAAihim waAAala absarihim ghishawatunwalahum AAathabun AAatheemunختم الله علي قلوبهم وعلي سمعهم وعلي ابصارهم غشاوة ولهم عذاب عظيم
[YA]: Allah hath set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing, and on their eyes is a veil; great is the penalty they (incur).

[RK]:GOD seals their minds and their hearing, and their eyes are veiled. They have incurred severe retribution.

Thumma anzala AAalaykum min baAAdi alghammiamanatan nuAAasan yaghsha ta-ifatan minkumwata-ifatun qad ahammat-hum anfusuhum yathunnoonabiAllahi ghayra alhaqqi thannaaljahiliyyati yaqooloona hal lana mina al-amri minshay-in qul inna al-amra kullahu lillahi yukhfoona feeanfusihim ma la yubdoona laka yaqooloona law kanalana mina al-amri shay-on ma qutilna hahunaqul law kuntum fee buyootikum labaraza allatheena kutibaAAalayhimu alqatlu ila madajiAAihim waliyabtaliyaAllahu ma fee sudoorikum waliyumahhisama fee quloobikum waAllahu AAaleemun bithatialssudooriثم انزل عليكم من بعد الغم امنة نعاسا يغشي طائفة منكم وطائفة قد اهمتهم انفسهم يظنون بالله غير الحق ظن الجاهلية يقولون هل لنا من الامر من شئ قل ان الامر كله لله يخفون في انفسهم مالايبدون لك يقولون لو كان لنا من الامر شئ ماقتلنا هاهنا قل لو كنتم في بيوتكم لبرز الذين كتب عليهم القتل الي مضاجعهم وليبتلي الله مافي صدوركم وليمحص مافي قلوبكم والله عليم بذات الصدور
[YA]: After (the excitement) of the distress, He sent down calm on a band of you overcome with slumber, while another band was stirred to anxiety by their own feelings, Moved by wrong suspicions of Allah-suspicions due to ignorance. They said: "What affair is this of ours?" Say thou: "Indeed, this affair is wholly Allah's." They hide in their minds what they dare not reveal to thee. They say (to themselves): "If we had had anything to do with this affair, We should not have been in the slaughter here." Say: "Even if you had remained in your homes, those for whom death was decreed would certainly have gone forth to the place of their death"; but (all this was) that Allah might test what is in your breasts and purge what is in your hearts. For Allah knoweth well the secrets of your hearts.

[RK]:After the setback, He sent down upon you peaceful slumber that pacified some of you. Others among you were selfishly concerned about themselves. They harbored thoughts about GOD that were not right - the same thoughts they had harbored during the days of ignorance. Thus, they said, "Is anything up to us?" Say, "Everything is up to GOD." They concealed inside themselves what they did not reveal to you. They said, "If it was up to us, none of us would have been killed in this battle." Say, "Had you stayed in your homes, those destined to be killed would have crawled into their death beds." GOD thus puts you to the test to bring out your true convictions, and to test what is in your hearts. GOD is fully aware of the innermost thoughts.

Lahum min jahannama mihadun waminfawqihim ghawashin wakathalika najzee alththalimeenaلهم من جهنم مهاد ومن فوقهم غواش وكذلك نجزي الظالمين
[YA]: For them there is Hell, as a couch (below) and folds and folds of covering above: such is Our requital of those who do wrong.

[RK]:They have incurred Hell as an abode; they will have barriers above them. We thus requite the transgressors.

Inna rabbakumu Allahu allatheekhalaqa alssamawati waal-ardafee sittati ayyamin thumma istawa AAalaalAAarshi yughshee allayla alnnahara yatlubuhuhatheethan waalshshamsa waalqamara waalnnujoomamusakhkharatin bi-amrihi ala lahu alkhalqu waal-amrutabaraka Allahu rabbu alAAalameenaان ربكم الله الذي خلق السماوات والارض في ستة ايام ثم استوي علي العرش يغشي الليل النهار يطلبه حثيثا والشمس والقمر والنجوم مسخرات بامره الا له الخلق والامر تبارك الله رب العالمين
[YA]: Your Guardian-Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and is firmly established on the throne (of authority): He draweth the night as a veil o'er the day, each seeking the other in rapid succession: He created the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) governed by laws under His command. Is it not His to create and to govern? Blessed be Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds!

[RK]:Your Lord is the one GOD, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then assumed all authority. The night overtakes the day, as it pursues it persistently, and the sun, the moon, and the stars are committed to serve by His command. Absolutely, He controls all creation and all commands. Most Exalted is GOD, Lord of the universe.

Huwa allathee khalaqakum min nafsinwahidatin wajaAAala minha zawjaha liyaskunailayha falamma taghashshaha hamalathamlan khafeefan famarrat bihi falamma athqalatdaAAawa Allaha rabbahuma la-in ataytanasalihan lanakoonanna mina alshshakireenaهو الذي خلقكم من نفس واحدة وجعل منها زوجها ليسكن اليها فلما تغشاها حملت حملا خفيفا فمرت به فلما اثقلت دعوا الله ربهما لئن اتيتنا صالحا لنكونن من الشاكرين
[YA]: It is He Who created you from a single person, and made his mate of like nature, in order that he might dwell with her (in love). When they are united, she bears a light burden and carries it about (unnoticed). When she grows heavy, they both pray to Allah their Lord, (saying): "If Thou givest us a goodly child, we vow we shall (ever) be grateful."

[RK]:He created you from one person (Adam). Subsequently, He gives every man a mate to find tranquility with her. She then carries a light load that she can hardly notice. As the load gets heavier, they implore GOD their Lord: "If You give us a good baby, we will be appreciative."

Ith yughashsheekumu alnnuAAasaamanatan minhu wayunazzilu AAalaykum mina alssama-imaan liyutahhirakum bihi wayuthhiba AAankumrijza alshshaytani waliyarbita AAalaquloobikum wayuthabbita bihi al-aqdamaاذ يغشيكم النعاس امنة منه وينزل عليكم من السماء ماء ليطهركم به ويذهب عنكم رجز الشيطان وليربط علي قلوبكم ويثبت به الاقدام
[YA]: Remember He covered you with a sort of drowsiness, to give you calm as from Himself, and he caused rain to descend on you from heaven, to clean you therewith, to remove from you the stain of Satan, to strengthen your hearts, and to plant your feet firmly therewith.

[RK]:He caused peaceful slumber to overtake you and pacify you, and He sent down water from the sky to clean you therewith. He protected you from the devil's curse, reassured your hearts and strengthened your foothold.

Waallatheena kasaboo alssayyi-atijazao sayyi-atin bimithliha watarhaquhum thillatunma lahum mina Allahi min AAasimin kaannamaoghshiyat wujoohuhum qitaAAan mina allayli muthlimanola-ika as-habu alnnari humfeeha khalidoonaوالذين كسبوا السيئات جزاء سيئة بمثلها وترهقهم ذلة مالهم من الله من عاصم كانما اغشيت وجوههم قطعا من الليل مظلما اولئك اصحاب النار هم فيها خالدون
[YA]: But those who have earned evil will have a reward of like evil: ignominy will cover their (faces): No defender will they have from (the wrath of) Allah: Their faces will be covered, as it were, with pieces from the depth of the darkness of night: they are companions of the Fire: they will abide therein (for aye)!

[RK]:As for those who earned sins, their requital is equivalent to their sin. Humiliation is their lot, and no one beside GOD can protect them. Their faces will seem overwhelmed by masses of dark night. They will be the dwellers of Hell; they abide therein forever.

Ala innahum yathnoona sudoorahumliyastakhfoo minhu ala heena yastaghshoona thiyabahumyaAAlamu ma yusirroona wama yuAAlinoona innahuAAaleemun bithati alssudooriالا انهم يثنون صدورهم ليستخفوا منه الا حين يستغشون ثيابهم يعلم مايسرون ومايعلنون انه عليم بذات الصدور
[YA]: Behold! they fold up their hearts, that they may lie hid from Him! Ah even when they cover themselves with their garments, He knoweth what they conceal, and what they reveal: for He knoweth well the (inmost secrets) of the hearts.

[RK]:Indeed, they hide their innermost thoughts, as if to keep Him from knowing them. In fact, as they cover themselves with their clothes, He knows all their secrets and declarations. He knows the innermost thoughts.

Afaaminoo an ta/tiyahum ghashiyatunmin AAathabi Allahi aw ta/tiyahumu alssaAAatubaghtatan wahum la yashAAuroonaافامنوا ان تاتيهم غاشية من عذاب الله او تاتيهم الساعة بغتة وهم لايشعرون
[YA]: Do they then feel secure from the coming against them of the covering veil of the wrath of Allah,- or of the coming against them of the (final) Hour all of a sudden while they perceive not?

[RK]:Have they guaranteed that an overwhelming retribution from GOD will not strike them, or the Hour will not come to them suddenly, when they least expect it?

Wahuwa allathee madda al-ardawajaAAala feeha rawasiya waanharan waminkulli alththamarati jaAAala feeha zawjayniithnayni yughshee allayla alnnahara inna fee thalikalaayatin liqawmin yatafakkaroonaوهو الذي مد الارض وجعل فيها رواسي وانهارا ومن كل الثمرات جعل فيها زوجين اثنين يغشي الليل النهار ان في ذلك لايات لقوم يتفكرون
[YA]: And it is He who spread out the earth, and set thereon mountains standing firm and (flowing) rivers: and fruit of every kind He made in pairs, two and two: He draweth the night as a veil o'er the Day. Behold, verily in these things there are signs for those who consider!

[RK]:He is the One who constructed the earth and placed on it mountains and rivers. And from the different kinds of fruits, He made them into pairs - males and females. The night overtakes the day. These are solid proofs for people who think.

Sarabeeluhum min qatraninwataghsha wujoohahumu alnnaruسرابيلهم من قطران وتغشي وجوههم النار
[YA]: Their garments of liquid pitch, and their faces covered with Fire;

[RK]:Their garments will be made of tar, and fire will overwhelm their faces.

FaatbaAAahum firAAawnu bijunoodihifaghashiyahum mina alyammi ma ghashiyahumفاتبعهم فرعون بجنوده فغشيهم من اليم ماغشيهم
[YA]: Then Pharaoh pursued them with his forces, but the waters completely overwhelmed them and covered them up.

[RK]:Pharaoh pursued them with his troops, but the sea overwhelmed them, as it was destined to overwhelm them.

FaatbaAAahum firAAawnu bijunoodihifaghashiyahum mina alyammi ma ghashiyahumفاتبعهم فرعون بجنوده فغشيهم من اليم ماغشيهم
[YA]: Then Pharaoh pursued them with his forces, but the waters completely overwhelmed them and covered them up.

[RK]:Pharaoh pursued them with his troops, but the sea overwhelmed them, as it was destined to overwhelm them.

Aw kathulumatin fee bahrinlujjiyyin yaghshahu mawjun min fawqihi mawjun min fawqihisahabun thulumatun baAAduhafawqa baAAdin itha akhraja yadahu lam yakad yarahawaman lam yajAAali Allahu lahu nooran fama lahu minnoorinاو كظلمات في بحر لجي يغشاه موج من فوقه موج من فوقه سحاب ظلمات بعضها فوق بعض اذا اخرج يده لم يكد يراها ومن لم يجعل الله له نورا فماله من نور
[YA]: Or (the Unbelievers' state) is like the depths of darkness in a vast deep ocean, overwhelmed with billow topped by billow, topped by (dark) clouds: depths of darkness, one above another: if a man stretches out his hands, he can hardly see it! for any to whom Allah giveth not light, there is no light!

[RK]:Another allegory is that of being in total darkness in the midst of a violent ocean, with waves upon waves, in addition to thick fog. Darkness upon darkness - if he looked at his own hand, he could barely see it. Whomever GOD deprives of light, will have no light.

Yawma yaghshahumu alAAathabumin fawqihim wamin tahti arjulihim wayaqoolu thooqooma kuntum taAAmaloonaيوم يغشاهم العذاب من فوقهم ومن تحت ارجلهم ويقول ذوقوا ماكنتم تعملون
[YA]: On the Day that the Punishment shall cover them from above them and from below them, and (a Voice) shall say: "Taste ye (the fruits) of your deeds!"

[RK]:The day will come when the retribution overwhelms them, from above them and from beneath their feet; He will say, "Taste the consequences of your works."

Wa-itha ghashiyahum mawjun kaalththulalidaAAawoo Allaha mukhliseena lahu alddeenafalamma najjahum ila albarri faminhum muqtasidunwama yajhadu bi-ayatina illakullu khattarin kafoorinواذا غشيهم موج كالظلل دعوا الله مخلصين له الدين فلما نجاهم الي البر فمنهم مقتصد ومايجحد باياتنا الا كل ختار كفور
[YA]: When a wave covers them like the canopy (of clouds), they call to Allah, offering Him sincere devotion. But when He has delivered them safely to land, there are among them those that halt between (right and wrong). But none reject Our Signs except only a perfidious ungrateful (wretch)!

[RK]:When violent waves surround them, they implore GOD, sincerely devoting their prayers to Him alone. But as soon as He saves them to the shore, some of them revert. None discards our revelations except those who are betrayers, unappreciative.

Ashihhatan AAalaykum fa-itha jaaalkhawfu raaytahum yanthuroona ilayka tadooruaAAyunuhum kaallathee yughsha AAalayhi minaalmawti fa-itha thahaba alkhawfu salaqookumbi-alsinatin hidadin ashihhatan AAalaalkhayri ola-ika lam yu/minoo faahbata AllahuaAAmalahum wakana thalika AAala Allahiyaseeranاشحة عليكم فاذا جاء الخوف رايتهم ينظرون اليك تدور اعينهم كالذي يغشي عليه من الموت فاذا ذهب الخوف سلقوكم بالسنة حداد اشحة علي الخير اولئك لم يؤمنوا فاحبط الله اعمالهم وكان ذلك علي الله يسيرا
[YA]: Covetous over you. Then when fear comes, thou wilt see them looking to thee, their eyes revolving, like (those of) one over whom hovers death: but when the fear is past, they will smite you with sharp tongues, covetous of goods. Such men have no faith, and so Allah has made their deeds of none effect: and that is easy for Allah.

[RK]:Also, they are too stingy when dealing with you. If anything threatens the community, you see their eyes rolling with fear, as if death had already come to them. Once the crisis is over, they whip you with sharp tongues. They are too stingy with their wealth. These are not believers, and, consequently, GOD has nullified their works. This is easy for GOD to do.

WajaAAalna min bayni aydeehim saddanwamin khalfihim saddan faaghshaynahum fahum la yubsiroonaوجعلنا من بين ايديهم سدا ومن خلفهم سدا فاغشيناهم فهم لايبصرون
[YA]: And We have put a bar in front of them and a bar behind them, and further, We have covered them up; so that they cannot see.

[RK]:And we place a barrier in front of them, and a barrier behind them, and thus, we veil them; they cannot see.

Yaghsha alnnasa hathaAAathabun aleemunيغشي الناس هذا عذاب اليم
[YA]: Enveloping the people: this will be a Penalty Grievous.

[RK]:It will envelope the people; this is a painful retribution.

Afaraayta mani ittakhatha ilahahuhawahu waadallahu Allahu AAalaAAilmin wakhatama AAala samAAihi waqalbihi wajaAAala AAalabasarihi ghishawatan faman yahdeehi min baAAdi Allahiafala tathakkaroonaافرءيت من اتخذ الهه هواه واضله الله علي علم وختم علي سمعه وقلبه وجعل علي بصره غشاوة فمن يهديه من بعد الله افلا تذكرون
[YA]: Then seest thou such a one as takes as his god his own vain desire? Allah has, knowing (him as such), left him astray, and sealed his hearing and his heart (and understanding), and put a cover on his sight. Who, then, will guide him after Allah (has withdrawn Guidance)? Will ye not then receive admonition?

[RK]:Have you noted the one whose god is his ego? Consequently, GOD sends him astray, despite his knowledge, seals his hearing and his mind, and places a veil on his eyes. Who then can guide him, after such a decision by GOD? Would you not take heed?

Wayaqoolu allatheena amanoolawla nuzzilat sooratun fa-itha onzilat sooratun muhkamatunwathukira feeha alqitalu raayta allatheenafee quloobihim maradun yanthuroona ilayka natharaalmaghshiyyi AAalayhi mina almawti faawla lahumويقول الذين امنوا لولا نزلت سورة فاذا انزلت سورة محكمة وذكر فيها القتال رايت الذين في قلوبهم مرض ينظرون اليك نظر المغشي عليه من الموت فاولي لهم
[YA]: Those who believe say, "Why is not a sura sent down (for us)?" But when a sura of basic or categorical meaning is revealed, and fighting is mentioned therein, thou wilt see those in whose hearts is a disease looking at thee with a look of one in swoon at the approach of death. But more fitting for them-

[RK]:Those who believed said: "When will a new sura be revealed?" But when a straightforward sura was revealed, wherein fighting was mentioned, you would see those who harbored doubts in their hearts looking at you, as if death had already come to them. They were thus exposed.

Ith yaghsha alssidratama yaghshaاذ يغشي السدرة مايغشي
[YA]: Behold, the Lote-tree was shrouded (in mystery unspeakable!)

[RK]:The whole place was overwhelmed.

Ith yaghsha alssidratama yaghshaاذ يغشي السدرة مايغشي
[YA]: Behold, the Lote-tree was shrouded (in mystery unspeakable!)

[RK]:The whole place was overwhelmed.

Faghashshaha ma ghashshaفغشاها ماغشي
[YA]: So that (ruins unknown) have covered them up.

[RK]:Consequently, they utterly vanished.

Faghashshaha ma ghashshaفغشاها ماغشي
[YA]: So that (ruins unknown) have covered them up.

[RK]:Consequently, they utterly vanished.

Wa-innee kullama daAAawtuhumlitaghfira lahum jaAAaloo asabiAAahum fee athanihimwaistaghshaw thiyabahum waasarroo waistakbarooistikbaranواني كلما دعوتهم لتغفر لهم جعلوا اصابعهم في اذانهم واستغشوا ثيابهم واصروا واستكبروا استكبارا
[YA]: "And every time I have called to them, that Thou mightest forgive them, they have (only) thrust their fingers into their ears, covered themselves up with their garments, grown obstinate, and given themselves up to arrogance.

[RK]:"Whenever I invited them to be forgiven by You, they placed their fingers in their ears, covered themselves with their clothes, insisted, and turned arrogant.

Hal ataka hadeethu alghashiyatiهل اتاك حديث الغاشية
[YA]: Has the story reached thee of the overwhelming (Event)?

[RK]:Are you aware of the Overwhelming?

Waallayli itha yaghshahaوالليل اذا يغشاها
[YA]: By the Night as it conceals it;

[RK]:The night that covers.

Waallayli itha yaghshaوالليل اذا يغشي
[YA]: By the Night as it conceals (the light);

[RK]:By the night as it covers.

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